Water resources are generated by the natural system, which include atmospheric, surface and sub-surface processes. The natural system is impacted on by the social system, which is mainly characterized by human intervention on the environment. The interaction between these two systems determines the quantity and quality of water resources both spatially and temporally. Water sustains all life forms thereby making it a basic requirement for livelihood needs. In the event of diversifying water use to include domestic, agriculture, industrial, energy, transport and recreation among others, the natural system has been overstretched to the extent that it can no longer sustain the water resources potential required to meet the increasing demand without managing it effectively. The effective management of water resources requires understanding of the environmental processes so that their impacts can be mitigated for sustainable use of the resource. This can be made possible through use of modern technologies which have the capability of analysing these environmental processes in conjunction with the social system. The scope of the programme is outlined in the objectives, which focus the course towards achieving sustainable water resources management.
Water resources potential is on a downward trend especially in Tropical regions where the per capita fresh water availability is less than the global benchmark of 1000 cu.m. In Kenya for example the current value is 647 cu.m. per capita, which is expected to drop to 235 cu.m. per capita by 2025 if the present management practices remain the same. In view of this fact the water sector in Kenya has been undergoing reforms in order to adopt cross-sectoral approach. Therefore skills that are compatible with this new paradigm shift in WRM need to be disseminated to water resources managers. Such skills require understanding of environmental processes which directly affect water resources potential. The course will impart skills in the use of modern technology such as GIS and EO in managing environmental processes. These technologies will also be used to incorporate the social system so as to widen the information domain of the water resources for sustainable management of the resource.
The objectives of the programme are as follows:
i) To enhance skills for effective and sustainable management of water resources under dynamic environmental processes
ii) To understand and apply GIS and Earth Observation (EO) for improved Management of Water Resources
iii) To improve the analysis of land characteristics using GIS and Earth Observation for effective Water Resources management
iv) To improve management of Water Resources and the Environment by incorporating elements of the social system
The common University rules and regulations for Masters degree programmes specified in Egerton University Statutes shall apply.
i) Minimum of upper second class honours from Agricultural Engineering, Environmental Engineering, Environmental sciences, Agriculture and other related fields
ii) Lower Second class with two years of relevant experience
Course Structure and Duration
Candidates taking a masters degree in Water Resources and Environmental Management shall be required to successfully complete thirty (30) credit factors of course work and in addition successfully complete a thesis worth fifteen (15) credit factors to qualify for an award of Masters of Science (MSc) degree in Water Resources and Environmental management.
The coursework will be conducted in two semesters which will cover the thirty credit factors. Six (6) compulsory courses of fifteen (15) credit factors will be covered in the first semester. The remaining six (6) optional courses will be covered in the second semester of year 1. In the second year of study, a student shall be required to conduct research and write a thesis under close supervision.
i) Full-time candidates for Masters Degree in WREM shall be registered for a minimum of 18 months and maximum of 36 months and register for a minimum of 9 credit factors per semester.
ii) Part-time candidates shall be registered for a maximum of forty-eight (48) months and must register for a maximum of six (6) credit factors per semester.
The course code shall be WREM which is the abbreviation for Water Resources and Environmental Management. The course code shall be followed by a course number consisting of three digits. The first digit (7) shall represent the first or second year of
graduate study, the second digit is area of the specialisation and the last digit in the sequence of the courses in the area of specialization.
1 - Basic courses
2 - Water Resources
3 - Environment
4 - Socio-economics
5 - Self study
Candidates will be required to take all the compulsory courses and at least one course from the three areas of specialisation.
All Examinations for this programme shall be conducted in accordance with the Examination regulations as stipulated in the Egerton University Statutes number XXIX.
The grading of Examinations for this programme shall be conducted in accordance with Egerton University Statutes number XXIX.
To graduate a student shall be required to take and pass ALL scheduled course within the stipulated period.
Degree classification shall be in accordance with Egerton University statutes number XXIX.